Census of 1851 – Occupations

Classified arrangement of the occupations of the males and females of Great Britain in 1851.

Class
Occupation Males Females Total Class Sub-class Order
Her Majesty The Queen 1 1 I 1 1
Members of the Royal Family 6 8 14 I 1 2
Peers (not otherwise returned) (a) 284 284 I 1 3
Members of the House of Commons (not otherwise returned) (a) 392 392 I 1 4
Her Majesty’s Court and Household (exclusive of Domestic Servants) 220 26 246 I 1 5
Civil Servants (not in the Post Office or Revenue Departments) 4,581 4,581 I 1 6
Employed by Government as Office-keepers, &c. 83 83 I 1 7
Post Office 9,053 1,357 10,410 I 1 8
Inland Revenue 6,075 7 6,082 I 1 9
Customs 9,802 5 9,807 I 1 10
Messengers and Workmen employed by the Government 3,404 3,404 I 1 11
Artificers and Labourers in the Dockyards 5,032 5,032 I 1 12
Magistrate 2,302 2,302 I 2 13
Sheriff’s officer and clerk 746 746 I 2 14
Police 1,8348 1,8348 I 2 15
County, Local,—officer (not otherwise distinguished) 239 239 I 2 16
Employed under Local and Corporate Authorities 11 11 I 2 17
Matrons of Workhouses and others in Union and Parish offices 754 754 I 2 18
Prison-officer 1,838 348 2,186 I 2 19
Town-clerk and officer 268 268 I 2 20
Town crier and bellman 197 197 I 2 21
Fireman 724 724 I 2 22
Union Relieving officer 1,414 1,414 I 2 23
Other Union, District, and Parish officer 1,989 1,989 I 2 24
Officer of Local Board 1,794 1,794 I 2 25
Savings-bank officer 8 8 I 2 26
East India Service 3,774 3,774 I 3 27
Army Officer (b) 4,516 4,516 II 1 28
Army Half-pay Officer (b) 1,735 1,735 II 1 29
Soldier 40,241 40,241 II 1 30
Chelsea Pensioner 23,907 23,907 II 1 31
Army-agent 45 45 II 1 32
Militia 274 274 II 1 33
Navy Officer (b) 2,967 2,967 II 2 34
Navy Half-pay Officer (b) 1,676 1,676 II 2 35
Seaman, R.N 6,763 6,763 II 2 36
Marine 6,336 6,336 II 2 37
Greenwich Pensioner 7,976 7,976 II 2 38
Officer of Naval Hospital 52 52 II 2 39
Navy-agent 26 26 II 2 40
Clergyman 17,621 17,621 III 1 41
Protestant Minister (not otherwise described) (c) 1,580 1,580 III 1 42
Presbyterian Minister (c) 2,725 2,725 III 1 43
Independent Minister 1,972 1,972 III 1 44
Baptist Minister 1,556 1,556 III 1 45
Unitarian Minister 14 14 III 1 46
Wesleyan Minister 1,798 1,798 III 1 47
Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant Preacher 965 8 973 III 1 48
Roman Catholic Priest 1,093 1,093 III 1 49
Priest of other Religious Bodies 73 73 III 1 50
Theological Student 319 319 III 1 51
Catholic Student 17 17 III 1 52
Officer of Religious Society, Clerical agent 103 103 III 1 53
Judge, Superior and Local 85 85 III 2 54
Barrister, Advocate, Special Pleader, Conveyancer 3,111 3,111 III 2 55
Solicitor, Attorney, Writer to Signet 13,256 13,256 III 2 56
Proctor 132 132 III 2 57
Apparitor 2 2 III 2 58
Procurator Fiscal (Scotland) 41 41 III 2 59
Parliamentary, Law,—Agent 141 141 III 2 60
Law Student 1,659 1,659 III 2 61
Physician 2,328 2,328 III 3 62
Surgeon, Apothecary 15,163 15,163 III 3 63
Medical Student,—Assistant 3,655 3,655 III 3 64
Oculist 14 14 III 3 65
Aurist 4 4 III 3 66
Dentist 1,167 1,167 III 3 67
Church Officer 756 756 III 4 68
Pew-opener 658 658 III 4 69
Parish Clerk, Clerk to Church 2,386 2 2,388 III 4 70
Chorister 196 2 198 III 4 71
Sexton, Sextoness, Grave-digger 815 69 884 III 4 72
Burial Ground and Cemetery Servant 372 140 512 III 4 73
Officer of Law Court 1,436 1,436 III 5 74
Law Clerk 16,626 16,626 III 5 75
Law Stationer 1,087 9 1,096 III 5 76
Druggist 15,333 310 15,643 III 6 77
Cupper, bleeder 29 48 77 III 6 78
Medical agent, officer of Medical Society 8 8 III 6 79
Surgical Instrument maker 430 119 549 III 6 80
Artificial Limb maker 15 5 20 III 6 81
Truss and Bandage maker 86 26 112 III 6 82
Respirator-maker 3 3 III 6 83
Professor of Hydropathy, Homœopathy 7 7 III 6 84
Patent Medicine Vendor, Herb doctor, Worm doctor 249 65 314 III 6 85
Author 436 88 524 IV 1 86
Editor, Writer 1,302 18 1,320 IV 1 87
Reporter and Shorthand Writer 207 207 IV 1 88
Literary, Private,—secretary 137 4 141 IV 1 89
Fellow of College, Graduate of University 755 755 IV 1 90
Translator, Interpreter 112 8 120 IV 1 91
Painter (Artist) 4,915 529 5,444 IV 2 92
Architect 2,971 2,971 IV 2 93
Music Composer 11 11 IV 2 94
Sculptor 656 4 660 IV 2 95
Fine Arts Student 6 6 IV 2 96
Photographer, Daguerreotypist 50 1 51 IV 2 97
Model to Artist 2 2 IV 2 98
Scientific Person, Observatory and Museum Keeper, Naturalist, &c. 496 22 518 IV 3 99
Professor of Belles-Lettres 42 1 43 IV 4 100
Professor of Mathematics 554 554 IV 4 101
Professor and Lecturer on special Sciences and Arts 141 141 IV 4 102
Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress 23,488 41,888 65,376 IV 4 103
Governess 21,373 21,373 IV 4 104
Professor, Teacher,—of Languages 1,530 571 2,101 IV 4 105
Music,—master, mistress 3,149 2,606 5,755 IV 4 106
Drawing,—master, mistress, teacher 112 64 176 IV 4 107
Teacher of Writing 45 2 47 IV 4 108
Teacher of Geography and Navigation 26 26 IV 4 109
Teacher,—of Dancing, Gymnastics 617 179 796 IV 4 110
Professor of Riding 73 1 74 IV 4 111
General teacher 4,371 5,259 9,630 IV 4 112
School secretary 2 3 5 IV 4 113
Wife (of no specified occupation) 2,631,383 2,631,383 V 1 114
Widow (of no specified occupation) 289,652 289,652 V 2 115
Son, Daughter, Grandson, Granddaughter, Brother, Sister, Nephew, Niece (not otherwise returned) 2,000,901 2,744,316 4,745,217 V 3 116
Scholar—under tuition at home 20,784 34,326 55,110 V 4 117
Scholar—under tuition at school or college * 1,389,586 1,308,131 2,697,717 V 4 118
Innkeeper 22,921 6,139 29,060 VI 1 119
Innkeeper’s Wife 17,447 17,447 VI 1 120
Lodging-house keeper 2,962 20,127 23,089 VI 1 121
Coffee-house, Eating-house,—keeper 2,070 1,080 3,150 VI 1 122
Keeper of Assembly and other public Rooms 12 20 32 VI 1 123
Cook (not Domestic Servant) 477 274 751 VI 1 124
Bath,—keeper, attendant 258 189 447 VI 1 125
Club servant 13 1 14 VI 1 126
Servants’ Register Office keeper 16 105 121 VI 1 127
Officer of Charitable Institution 711 943 1,654 VI 1 128
Proprietor, Officer,—of Lunatic Asylum 603 397 1,000 VI 1 129
Domestic Servant (General) 79,615 675,311 754,926 VI 2 130
Domestic Servant Coachman 7,579 7,579 VI 2 131
Domestic Servant Groom 16,194 16,194 VI 2 132
Domestic Servant Gardener 5,052 5,052 VI 2 133
Domestic Servant Housekeeper 50,574 50,574 VI 2 134
Domestic Servant Cook 48,806 48,806 VI 2 135
Domestic Servant Housemaid 55,935 55,935 VI 2 136
Domestic Servant Nurse 39,139 39,139 VI 2 137
Inn servant 25,186 35,400 60,586 VI 2 138
Nurse (not Domestic Servant) 52 25,466 25,518 VI 2 139
Corn-cutter 61 61 VI 2 140
Park Gate, Lodge,—keeper 93 338 431 VI 2 141
Midwife 2,882 2,882 VI 2 142
Charwoman 55,423 55,423 VI 2 143
Undertaker, Washer of Dead to Jews 1,089 71 1,160 VI 2 144
Hairdresser, Wig-maker 11,895 278 12,173 VI 3 145
Hatter 13,426 3,549 16,975 VI 3 146
Straw Hat, Bonnet,—maker 1,364 20,538 21,902 VI 3 147
Bonnet-maker 7,628 7,628 VI 3 148
Cap,—maker, dealer 699 4,793 5,492 VI 3 149
Stock-maker 61 557 618 VI 3 150
Robe-maker 21 36 57 VI 3 151
Furrier 1,510 1,959 3,469 VI 3 152
Tailor 135,028 17,644 152,672 VI 3 153
Clothes dealer, Outfitter 1,795 2,058 3,853 VI 3 154
Army-clothier 76 52 128 VI 3 155
Accoutrement-maker 147 132 279 VI 3 156
Theatrical Property,—maker, dealer 8 7 15 VI 3 157
Shawl manufacture 2,534 3,299 5,833 VI 3 158
Shawl merchant 170 4 174 VI 3 159
Milliner, Dressmaker 366 267,425 267,791 VI 3 160
Shirtmaker, Seamster, Seamstress 128 72,940 73,068 VI 3 161
Baby Linen,—maker and dealer 29 330 359 VI 3 162
Cotton-band maker 68 3 71 VI 3 163
Staymaker 930 12,769 13,699 VI 3 164
Collar-maker, &c. 321 1,049 1,370 VI 3 165
Hosier, Haberdasher 3,617 2,614 6,231 VI 3 166
Hose (Stocking) manufacture 35,423 30,076 65,499 VI 3 167
Glover (material not stated) 4,539 25,343 29,882 VI 3 168
Glove-knitter 1,390 1,390 VI 3 169
Washerwoman, Laundry-keeper, Mangler 718 145,373 146,091 VI 3 170
Shoemaker 243,052 31,418 274,470 VI 3 171
Shoemaker’s Wife 94,175 94,175 VI 3 172
Boot-lace,—maker, tagger 45 13 58 VI 3 173
List and Carpet Shoe maker 10 116 126 VI 3 174
Shoeblack 5 5 VI 3 175
Patten, Clog,—maker 3,819 57 3,876 VI 3 176
Umbrella, Parasol, Stick,—maker 2,340 1,797 4,137 VI 3 177
Fan, Screen,—maker 16 14 30 VI 3 178
Shroud maker 40 90 130 VI 3 179
Rag,—gatherer, dealer 2,164 1,081 3,245 VI 3 180
Capitalist 105 101 206 VII 181
House Proprietor 12,184 22,018 34,202 VII 182
House—agent, Rent collector 914 41 955 VII 183
Merchant 10,103 153 10,256 VII 184
Banker 1,831 2 1,833 VII 185
Bank,—agent, officer 305 305 VII 186
Underwriter (not otherwise described) 10 10 VII 187
Insurance,—agent, officer 804 4 808 VII 188
Stock, Share, Bill,—broker 1,694 1,694 VII 189
Ship-agent, Broker 2,067 2 2,069 VII 190
Broker 2,578 34 2,612 VII 191
Agent, Factor 6,727 20 6,747 VII 192
Colonial,—agent, broker 21 21 VII 193
Custom House,—agent, broker 108 108 VII 194
Emigration agent 10 10 VII 195
Notary 109 109 VII 196
Scrivener 74 74 VII 197
Actuary 45 45 VII 198
Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer 3,996 3,996 VII 199
Accountant 6,597 8 6,605 VII 200
Commercial clerk 43,741 19 43,760 VII 201
Commercial traveller 9,395 14 9,409 VII 202
Debt collector 449 449 VII 203
Pawnbroker 3,770 597 4,367 VII 204
Salesman, Saleswoman, Marketwoman 1,653 172 1,825 VII 205
Officer of Chamber of Commerce 235 235 VII 206
Lessee of Market 2 2 VII 207
Marine Store dealer 1,654 414 2,068 VII 208
General dealer, Huckster, Costermonger 5,212 2,087 7,299 VII 209
Shopkeeper (branch undefined) 14,280 15,520 29,800 VII 210
Shopkeeper’s Wife 6,002 6,002 VII 211
Bazaar-keeper 91 118 209 VII 212
Hawker, Pedlar 19,300 11,253 30,553 VII 213
Small Ware dealer 381 575 956 VII 214
Railway Engine,—driver, stoker 7,594 7,594 VIII 1 215
Railway,—officer, clerk, station master 10,948 10,948 VIII 1 216
Railway,—porter, gatekeeper 8,398 8,398 VIII 1 217
Railway Police 1,413 1,413 VIII 1 218
Railway Company’s servant 22 22 VIII 1 219
Railway attendant 32 32 VIII 1 220
Toll contractor, agent 73 4 77 VIII 2 221
Toll collector 4,372 1,597 5,969 VIII 2 222
Carman, Carrier, Carter, Drayman 56,252 729 56,981 VIII 2 223
Coach and Cab owner (d) 2,178 106 2,284 VIII 2 224
Livery-stable keeper 1,264 61 1,325 VIII 2 225
Coachman (not Domestic Servant), Guard, Postboy 16,836 16,836 VIII 2 226
Cabman 3,076 3,076 VIII 2 227
Waterman at Cabstand 201 201 VIII 2 228
Timekeeper 66 66 VIII 2 229
Wheel-chair,—proprietor, drawer 413 1 414 VIII 2 230
Omnibus,—owner, conductor (d) 3,223 3,223 VIII 2 231
Canal and Inland Navigation Service 2,919 112 3,031 VIII 3 232
Lighterman 1,538 1,538 VIII 3 233
Boat, Barge,—owner 179 159 338 VIII 3 234
Boat and Barge,—man, woman 35,450 2,233 37,683 VIII 3 235
Shipowner 1,992 222 2,214 VIII 4 236
Seaman (Merchant Service) 89,206 89,206 VIII 4 237
Pilot 2,990 2,990 VIII 4 238
Harbour, Dock,—Service, Dock labourer 18,458 4 18,462 VIII 4 239
Lighthouse, Light—keeper, and Light Dues collector 264 4 268 VIII 4 240
Wharfinger 1,150 12 1,162 VIII 4 241
Diving-bell conductor 7 7 VIII 4 242
Water-bailiff and Sea-reeve 3 3 VIII 4 243
Surveyor and Inspector of Shipping 55 55 VIII 4 244
Steam Navigation Service, Fireman 473 473 VIII 4 245
Harbour Contractor 3 3 VIII 4 246
Ballast,—master, agent, and heaver 375 375 VIII 4 247
Ship Steward, Stewardess 471 76 547 VIII 4 248
Lumper, Hobler 91 91 VIII 4 249
Stevedore 238 238 VIII 4 250
Sailors’ Society Agent 4 4 VIII 4 251
Warehouseman, Warehousewoman 14,677 3,184 17,861 VIII 5 252
Storekeeper 549 19 568 VIII 5 253
Meter 31 31 VIII 5 254
Packer 66 66 VIII 5 255
Messenger, Porter (not Government), Errand-boy, Errand-girl 97,642 3,783 101,425 VIII 6 256
Courier 96 96 VIII 6 257
Guide 12 12 VIII 6 258
Telegraph Service 282 2 284 VIII 6 259
Land Proprietor 19,989 14,638 34,627 IX 1 260
Farmer 275,676 28,044 303,720 IX 1 261
Grazier 3,036 11 3,047 IX 1 262
Farmer’s, Grazier’s, Wife 201,736 201,736 IX 1 263
Farmer’s, Grazier’s, Son, Daughter, Grandson, Granddaughter, Brother, Sister, Nephew, Niece 137,446 137,724 275,170 IX 1 264
Farm-bailiff 12,805 12,805 IX 1 265
Agricultural labourer (out-door) 1,006,728 70,899 1,077,627 IX 1 266
Shepherd (out-door) 19,075 19,075 IX 1 267
Farm servant (in-door) 235,943 128,251 364,194 IX 1 268
Feuar 224 152 376 IX 1 269
Portioner 87 45 132 IX 1 270
Land surveyor 1,373 1,373 IX 1 271
Land, Estate,—agent 2,353 2,353 IX 1 272
Officer of Agricultural Society 7 7 IX 1 273
Agricultural Student 164 164 IX 1 274
Hop-grower 30 30 IX 1 275
Grape-grower 4 4 IX 1 276
Willow,—grower, cutter, dealer 48 48 IX 1 277
Teazle,—grower, merchant 85 85 IX 1 278
Agricultural Implement proprietor 50 5 55 IX 1 279
Drainage Service 11 11 IX 1 280
Colonial,—planter, farmer 27 27 IX 1 281
Tacksman 12 12 IX 1 282
Woodman 9,832 9,832 IX 2 283
Wood,—keeper, bailiff 205 205 IX 2 284
Park, Wood,—labourer, cutter 15 13 28 IX 2 285
Rod,—grower, dealer 11 1 12 IX 2 286
Gardener 78,462 2,484 80,946 IX 3 287
Nurseryman, Nurserywoman 2,636 39 2,675 IX 3 288
Herb-grower 6 6 IX 3 289
Watercress-grower 39 39 IX 3 290
Horse-dealer 1,427 2 1,429 X 291
Horse-breaker 1,221 1,221 X 292
Horse-clipper 72 72 X 293
Horse-breeder (not otherwise returned) 7 7 X 294
Groom (not Domestic Servant), Horse-keeper, Jockey 29,408 29,408 X 295
Farrier, Veterinary Surgeon 6,535 27 6,562 X 296
Veterinary Student 10 10 X 297
Castrator 431 431 X 298
Knacker 89 5 94 X 299
Huntsman, Whipper-in 253 253 X 300
Hound attendant 17 17 X 301
Dog,—dealer, breaker 130 130 X 302
Cattle, Sheep,—dealer, salesman 5,516 24 5,540 X 303
Drover 3,221 5 3,226 X 304
Slaughterman 6 6 X 305
Pig,—merchant, dealer 999 17 1,016 X 306
Gamekeeper 9,647 9,647 X 307
Rabbit,—catcher, killer 15 15 X 308
Animal, Bird, Poultry,—dealer, keeper 270 49 319 X 309
Officers at Menagerie 32 32 X 310
Vermin-destroyer 2,251 5 2,256 X 311
Apiarian, Bee-dealer 1 1 2 X 312
Fisherman, Fisherwoman 37,292 1,002 38,294 X 313
Salmon fishery proprietor 4 1 5 X 314
Fish,—breeder, keeper 7 7 X 315
Leech,—breeder, dealer, bleeder 28 60 88 X 316
Bookseller, Publisher 7,510 923 8,433 XI 1 317
Bookbinder 6,875 4,154 11,029 XI 1 318
Printer 25,802 222 26,024 XI 1 319
Book,—agent, canvasser 19 4 23 XI 1 320
News,—agent, vendor, Newsroom keeper 1,141 156 1,297 XI 1 321
Librarian 282 173 455 XI 1 322
Theatrical manager, lessee 13 1 14 XI 2 323
Opera and Theatrical agent 5 5 XI 2 324
Officer, servant at Theatre 72 6 78 XI 2 325
Actor, Actress 1,398 643 2,041 XI 2 326
Dancer, Danseuse 7 135 142 XI 2 327
Musician (not Teacher) 5,752 532 6,284 XI 3 328
Musical student 15 8 23 XI 3 329
Vocalist 114 256 370 XI 3 330
Pianoforte and other Instrument tuner 197 2 199 XI 3 331
Ballad,—seller, singer (not otherwise returned) 3 3 XI 3 332
Organ-builder 490 1 491 XI 3 333
Musical Instrument,—maker, dealer 3,651 41 3,692 XI 3 334
Music engraver and printer 138 3 141 XI 3 335
Music,—publisher, seller 386 63 449 XI 3 336
Engraver 5,507 77 5,584 XI 4 337
Copperplate-printer 907 907 XI 4 338
Print-colourer 130 54 184 XI 4 339
Print,—seller, mounter 213 42 255 XI 4 340
Lithographer, Lithographic-printer 1,984 6 1,990 XI 4 341
Glass,—enameller, stainer 498 33 531 XI 4 342
Artists’ colourman, colourwoman 106 7 113 XI 4 343
Picture,—cleaner, dealer 288 13 301 XI 4 344
Globe-maker 25 3 28 XI 4 345
Map,—maker, publisher 145 181 326 XI 4 346
Letter,—cutter, maker 88 2 90 XI 4 347
Stamp-cutter 12 12 XI 4 348
Herald-painter 105 2 107 XI 4 349
Figure and Image maker 356 22 378 XI 5 350
Wood-carver 1,328 13 1,341 XI 5 351
Modeller 575 18 593 XI 5 352
Wax,—modeller, worker 34 22 56 XI 5 353
Coral,—carver, worker 5 5 XI 5 354
Jet,—carver, worker 184 184 XI 5 355
Composition-mounter 3 3 XI 5 356
Artificial Flower-maker 517 2,993 3,510 XI 5 357
Artist in Hair 60 150 210 XI 5 358
Animal, Bird,—preserver, Taxidermist 91 3 94 XI 5 359
Exhibition (Show),—keeper, servant 291 33 324 XI 6 360
Conjuror, performer at Show 13 2 15 XI 6 361
Ventriloquist 2 2 XI 6 362
Equestrian 66 16 82 XI 6 363
Pedestrian 5 5 XI 6 364
Archery Goods maker 43 2 45 XI 6 365
Billiard-table,—keeper, marker 259 3 262 XI 6 366
Chess, Backgammon,—Men and Board maker 27 1 28 XI 6 367
Bat, Ball,—maker, &c. 243 51 294 XI 6 368
Shooting Gallery,—keeper, proprietor 7 7 XI 6 369
Race-course officer 4 4 XI 6 370
Fishing Rod and Tackle, Artificial Fly,—maker 299 73 372 XI 6 371
Toy,—maker, dealer 1,633 876 2,509 XI 6 372
Pattern designer 2,161 43 2,204 XI 7 373
Draughtsman 597 597 XI 7 374
Civil engineer 3,009 3,009 XI 7 375
Medallist and Medal-maker 21 21 XI 8 376
Mould-maker, Die engraver and sinker 468 14 482 XI 8 377
Watchmaker, Clockmaker 18,778 381 19,159 XI 9 378
Philosophical Instrument maker 813 13 826 XI 9 379
Optician, Spectacle-maker 1,741 83 1,824 XI 9 380
Weighing-machine, Scale, Measure,—maker 944 25 969 XI 9 381
Gunsmith, Gun-maker 7,429 213 7,642 XI 10 382
Armourer 11 11 XI 10 383
Sword,—cutler, maker 160 160 XI 10 384
Bayonet,—forger, maker 38 12 50 XI 10 385
Engine and Machine maker 48,050 32 48,082 XI 11 386
Machine agent and broker 39 39 XI 11 387
Tool,—maker, dealer 4,282 29 4,311 XI 11 388
Roller-coverer 36 36 XI 11 389
Heald, Havel,—maker, Heald-knitter 244 564 808 XI 11 390
Hackle-maker 247 1 248 XI 11 391
Reed,—maker, merchant 680 5 685 XI 11 392
Card,—maker, cutter 1,047 7 1,054 XI 11 393
Flyer-maker 106 106 XI 11 394
Picker-maker 218 1 219 XI 11 395
Loom-maker 18 18 XI 11 396
Comb-maker (for manufactures) 154 154 XI 11 397
Shuttle-maker 541 4 545 XI 11 398
Doffer-plate maker 15 15 XI 11 399
Gill maker and presser 25 25 XI 11 400
Slay-maker 34 34 XI 11 401
Lappet-wheel maker, &c. 12 12 XI 11 402
Roller maker and turner 94 94 XI 11 403
Coachmaker 16,431 159 16,590 XI 12 404
Coach, Carriage,—broker 16 1 17 XI 12 405
Axletree-maker 163 163 XI 12 406
Invalid-chair maker 8 8 XI 12 407
Saddler, Harness-maker 16,890 693 17,583 XI 13 408
Whip-maker 1,005 90 1,095 XI 13 409
Shipwright, Shipbuilder 25,194 7 25,201 XI 14 410
Naval architect 9 9 XI 14 411
Shipsmith 435 1 436 XI 14 412
Block, Oar, Mast,—maker 1,771 7 1,778 XI 14 413
Ship-rigger 850 850 XI 14 414
Ship-chandler 345 27 372 XI 14 415
Boat, Barge,—builder 3,609 13 3,622 XI 14 416
Life-buoy maker 5 5 XI 14 417
Surveyor 2,891 2,891 XI 15 418
Builder 12,743 75 12,818 XI 15 419
Carpenter, Joiner 182,546 150 182,696 XI 15 420
Skylight, Sash, Handrail,—maker 17 17 XI 15 421
Bricklayer 67,928 61 67,989 XI 15 422
Mason, Pavior 101,391 51 101,442 XI 15 423
Slater 7,211 11 7,222 XI 15 424
Plasterer 17,957 23 17,980 XI 15 425
Cornice, Moulding,—manufacture 5 5 XI 15 426
Stenciller 18 5 23 XI 15 427
Paper-hanger 1,876 19 1,895 XI 15 428
House-decorator 457 6 463 XI 15 429
Writer, Grainer, Ornamental painter, Decorator 208 208 XI 15 430
Painter, Plumber, Glazier 62,421 387 62,808 XI 15 431
Oven-maker 10 10 XI 15 432
Building Materials, Fixtures,—dealer 37 37 XI 15 433
Agricultural Implement and Machine maker 641 12 653 XI 16 434
Wheelwright 30,138 106 30,244 XI 16 435
Millwright 9,941 12 9,953 XI 16 436
Pump-maker 304 2 306 XI 16 437
Drug,—merchant, broker 143 3 146 XI 17 438
Drug-grinder 104 3 107 XI 17 439
Manufacturing chemist, firework-maker, &c. (Employers and Labourers) 4,408 211 4,619 XI 17 440
Drysalter 581 6 587 XI 17 441
Wafer-maker 37 13 50 XI 17 442
Starch manufacture 433 132 565 XI 17 443
Blacking,—maker, dealer 496 75 571 XI 17 444
Annatto-maker 4 1 5 XI 17 445
Dye, Colour,—manufacture 1,156 188 1,344 XI 17 446
Dyer, Scourer, Calenderer 12,156 808 12,964 XI 17 447
Furniture, Calico,—glazer 19 19 XI 17 448
Hotpresser 200 200 XI 17 449
Gunpowder-maker 433 28 461 XI 17 450
Cartridge, Rocket,—maker 2 18 20 XI 17 451
Percussion-cap maker 33 121 154 XI 17 452
Sulphur manufacture 11 11 XI 17 453
Safety Fuzee manufacture 3 46 49 XI 17 454
Saltpetre manufacture 7 7 XI 17 455
Vitriol manufacture 227 2 229 XI 17 456
Alum manufacture 666 16 682 XI 17 457
Blue manufacture 123 7 130 XI 17 458
Ink-maker 211 12 223 XI 17 459
Copperas manufacture 79 3 82 XI 17 460
Alkali, Soda,—manufacture 803 15 818 XI 17 461
Whiting manufacture 180 13 193 XI 17 462
Match,—maker, seller 473 261 734 XI 17 463
Madder,—miller, grinder 7 7 XI 17 464
Indigo, manufacture, merchant, broker 35 35 XI 17 465
Cowkeeper, Milkseller 11,732 4,794 16,526 XII 1 466
Butter,—merchant, dealer, factor 579 154 733 XII 1 467
Cheesemonger 3,678 285 3,963 XII 1 468
Butcher, Meat salesman 65,912 1,779 67,691 XII 1 469
Butcher’s Wife 26,015 26,015 XII 1 470
Tripe,—dealer, dresser 451 251 702 XII 1 471
Provision,—dealer, curer 7,602 1,737 9,339 XII 1 472
Sausage and Black-pudding maker 35 36 71 XII 1 473
Poulterer, Gamedealer 2,111 519 2,630 XII 1 474
Egg,—merchant, dealer 303 261 564 XII 1 475
Fishmonger, dealer, seller 7,901 2,538 10,439 XII 1 476
Fish-curer 482 418 900 XII 1 477
Oyster,—merchant, dealer, seller 134 15 149 XII 1 478
Honey-dealer 7 7 XII 1 479
Gut,—blower, spinner, Catgut-maker 28 12 40 XII 2 480
Musical-string maker 99 52 151 XII 2 481
Bowstring-maker 8 8 XII 2 482
Goldbeaters’-skin maker 6 36 42 XII 2 483
Bladder,—merchant, dealer 3 4 7 XII 2 484
Manure,—manufacture, dealer 168 20 188 XII 2 485
Tallow, Grease,—boiler, dealer 130 130 XII 2 486
Soap-boiler 1,384 9 1,393 XII 2 487
Tallow-chandler 5,062 222 5,284 XII 2 488
Wax,—refiner, dealer 147 147 XII 2 489
Glue and Size,—maker, dealer 251 64 315 XII 2 490
Gelatine, Isinglass,—dealer, manufacture 74 20 94 XII 2 491
Catsmeat,—dealer, vendor 51 9 60 XII 2 492
Bone,—gatherer, dealer 214 36 250 XII 2 493
Bone,—cutter, worker, turner 379 26 405 XII 2 494
Bone,—boiler, crusher, calciner 112 112 XII 2 495
Ivory,—cutter, worker, dealer 652 15 667 XII 2 496
Haft,—maker, turner 598 3 601 XII 2 497
Horn,—worker, turner, dealer 180 41 221 XII 2 498
Tortoiseshell,—dealer, worker 78 2 80 XII 2 499
Shell,—worker, dealer 44 24 68 XII 2 500
Comb-maker 2,445 467 2,912 XII 2 501
Whalebone merchant 4 4 XII 2 502
Whalebone worker 118 6 124 XII 2 503
Sponge,—merchant, dealer 46 7 53 XII 2 504
Hide, Skin,—merchant, dealer 11 11 XII 3 505
Fellmonger 1,855 15 1,870 XII 3 506
Skinner 2,058 9 2,067 XII 3 507
Leather,—merchant, agent, factor 122 2 124 XII 3 508
Tanner 8,732 55 8,787 XII 3 509
Currier 12,723 197 12,920 XII 3 510
Leather-dyer 145 145 XII 3 511
Morocco-leather manufacture 64 4 68 XII 3 512
Leather-jappaner 58 58 XII 3 513
Leather,—grainer, grounder 5 5 XII 3 514
Leather,—embosser, gilder 52 3 55 XII 3 515
Leather-lace,—cutter, worker 8 1 9 XII 3 516
Strop, Strap, and Thong,—maker 48 21 69 XII 3 517
Grindery dealer 12 8 20 XII 3 518
Leather-pipe maker 41 1 42 XII 3 519
Shot-belt, Powder-flask,—maker 56 14 70 XII 3 520
Leather-case, Portmanteau,—maker 332 18 350 XII 3 521
Pocket-book, Card-case,—maker 453 29 482 XII 3 522
Jewel-case maker 123 22 145 XII 3 523
Cap-peak maker 6 6 XII 3 524
Parchment-maker 337 5 342 XII 3 525
Quill-pen,—maker, dealer 125 39 164 XII 4 526
Feather,—dresser, dealer 141 197 338 XII 4 527
Mattress, Bed-tick,—maker 364 138 502 XII 4 528
Powder-puff maker 4 2 6 XII 4 529
Hair,—merchant, dealer 71 11 82 XII 5 530
Hair, Bristle,—manufacture 919 1,782 2,701 XII 5 531
Brush, Broom,—maker 8,023 1,953 9,976 XII 5 532
Artists’ Brush, Hair-pencil,—maker 46 16 62 XII 5 533
Woolstapler 1,888 8 1,896 XII 6 534
Wool,—merchant, dealer 166 4 170 XII 6 535
Wool,—broker, agent 52 52 XII 6 536
Felt manufacture 322 9 331 XII 6 537
Woollen Yarn,—manufacture, dealer 397 374 771 XII 6 538
Knitter 67 4,436 4,503 XII 6 539
Woollen Cloth manufacture 86,649 51,165 137,814 XII 6 540
Woollen,—merchant, dealer 40 40 XII 6 541
Woollen,—agent, factor 315 315 XII 6 542
Cloth,—merchant, salesman, saleswoman 714 47 761 XII 6 543
Clothier 7,039 269 7,308 XII 6 544
Woollen draper 3,760 39 3,799 XII 6 545
Fuller 1,467 2 1,469 XII 6 546
Wool, Woollen,—dyer 1,480 11 1,491 XII 6 547
Woollen printer 68 68 XII 6 548
Woollen-waste dealer 17 17 XII 6 549
Worsted manufacture 51,863 52,198 104,061 XII 6 550
Worsted,—merchant, dealer 62 18 80 XII 6 551
Stuff manufacture 3,372 4,128 7,500 XII 6 552
Stuff merchant 112 112 XII 6 553
Bolting-cloth weaver 10 10 XII 6 554
Tartan manufacture 96 149 245 XII 6 555
Damask weaver 97 72 169 XII 6 556
Bunting, Flag,—manufacture 7 36 43 XII 6 557
Girth, Web,—maker, weaver 166 196 362 XII 6 558
Fringe, Tassel,—manufacture 364 621 985 XII 6 559
Braid maker 128 324 452 XII 6 560
Hand-flowerer 3 3 XII 6 561
Table-cover maker 42 12 54 XII 6 562
Berlin Wool,—dealer, worker 93 568 661 XII 6 563
Linsey weaver 130 1 131 XII 6 564
Flannel manufacture 2,973 1,991 4,964 XII 6 565
Flannel,—agent, merchant 42 14 56 XII 6 566
Listing, Baize, Serge,—manufacture 17 34 51 XII 6 567
Blanket manufacture 1,997 122 2,119 XII 6 568
Carpet, Rug,—manufacture 9,918 1,539 11,457 XII 6 569
Carpet dealer, warehouseman, warehousewoman 129 8 137 XII 6 570
Carpet-bag maker 109 109 XII 6 571
Woollen-flock,—merchant, dealer 8 8 XII 6 572
Mohair, Angola,—manufacture 23 63 86 XII 6 573
Mop-maker 51 62 113 XII 6 574
Silk,—merchant, dealer 357 18 375 XII 7 575
Silk,—broker, agent 156 1 157 XII 7 576
Silk manufacture 45,169 69,401 114,570 XII 7 577
Silk-glove manufacture 920 750 1,670 XII 7 578
Silk,—dyer, printer 1,834 94 1,928 XII 7 579
Silk-lace maker 2 3 5 XII 7 580
Silkmercer 2,294 185 2,479 XII 7 581
Ribbon manufacture 4,913 5,161 10,074 XII 7 582
Ribbon,—merchant, dealer 50 1 51 XII 7 583
Velvet manufacture 125 61 186 XII 7 584
Fancy Goods manufacture 362 1,654 2,016 XII 7 585
Fancy Goods dealer 2 528 530 XII 7 586
Small-ware manufacture 14 3 17 XII 7 587
Trimming-maker 416 1,093 1,509 XII 7 588
Trimming-dealer 135 50 185 XII 7 589
Embroiderer 61 4,597 4,658 XII 7 590
Gimp manufacture 196 26 222 XII 7 591
Gauze manufacture 16 32 48 XII 7 592
Coach-lace—maker, weaver 198 151 349 XII 7 593
Crape manufacture 116 306 422 XII 7 594
Corn merchant 6,878 152 7,030 XIII 1 595
Corn,—agent, factor 670 22 692 XIII 1 596
Corn-meter 292 292 XIII 1 597
Miller 36,706 562 37,268 XIII 1 598
Flour-dealer 1,535 398 1,933 XIII 1 599
Mealman, Bran-dealer 313 313 XIII 1 600
Baker 55,663 6,809 62,472 XIII 1 601
Confectioner 9,047 4,818 13,865 XIII 1 602
Sweetmeat-dealer, Pie-vendor 48 15 63 XIII 1 603
Greengrocer, Fruiterer 8,895 5,425 14,320 XIII 1 604
Herbalist 236 78 314 XIII 1 605
Fruit and Flower,—hawker, vendor 1,296 931 2,227 XIII 1 606
Potato merchant, dealer 919 58 977 XIII 1 607
Watercress,—gatherer, vendor 82 72 154 XIII 1 608
Seed merchant, seedsman, seedswoman 1,056 100 1,156 XIII 1 609
Oat-weigher, Oat-kiln labourer, Oat-roaster 3 3 XIII 1 610
Groat manufacture 8 8 XIII 1 611
Oatmeal-dealer, Farinaceous Food maker 10 68 78 XIII 1 612
Bean, Pea,—splitter 3 3 XIII 1 613
Rice,—merchant, miller 63 63 XIII 1 614
Maccaroni,—manufacture, dealer 6 6 XIII 1 615
Dulse-dealer 2 3 5 XIII 1 616
Hop,—merchant, dealer 464 4 468 XIII 2 617
Maltster 11,014 136 11,150 XIII 2 618
Yeast (Barm),—maker, dealer 304 126 430 XIII 2 619
Brewer 18,332 288 18,620 XIII 2 620
Porter, Ale,—merchant, agent 454 16 470 XIII 2 621
Licensed Victualler, Beershop-keeper 37,228 9,433 46,661 XIII 2 622
Licensed Victualler’s, Beershop-keeper’s Wife 26,584 26,584 XIII 2 623
Wine and Spirit merchant 9,622 845 10,467 XIII 2 624
Wine, Spirit-finings,—maker, dealer 2 4 6 XIII 2 625
Cider, Spruce,—merchant, dealer 84 19 103 XIII 2 626
Distiller, Rectifier 1,473 11 1,484 XIII 2 627
Cordial-maker 20 1 21 XIII 2 628
Wine manufacture 8 4 12 XIII 2 629
Cellarman, cellarwoman 815 1 816 XIII 2 630
Vinegar-maker 126 11 137 XIII 2 631
Sauce, Pickle, Catsup,—maker, dealer 64 75 139 XIII 2 632
Ginger-beer, Soda-water, Mineral-water,—manufacture 1,004 80 1,084 XIII 2 633
Sugar-broker 103 103 XIII 2 634
Sugar-refiner 2,720 57 2,777 XIII 2 635
Liquorice-refiner 3 3 XIII 2 636
Tea,—merchant, broker 407 16 423 XIII 2 637
Coffee,—merchant, dealer 120 27 147 XIII 2 638
Coffee-roaster 245 23 268 XIII 2 639
Grocer 68,242 17,671 85,913 XIII 2 640
Chocolate, Cocoa,—manufacture, dealer 93 15 108 XIII 2 641
Chicory,—merchant, agent, dealer 51 51 XIII 2 642
Chicory manufacture 7 19 26 XIII 2 643
Italian warehouseman, warehousewoman 73 29 102 XIII 2 644
Spice merchant 71 71 XIII 2 645
Mustard manufacture 205 7 212 XIII 2 646
Tobacco, Cigar,—merchant, broker 9 9 XIII 2 647
Tobacco, Snuff,—manufacture 3,791 240 4,031 XIII 2 648
Tobacconist 3,683 886 4,569 XIII 2 649
Herb distiller 4 4 XIII 2 650
Perfumer 577 99 676 XIII 2 651
Pitch, Tar, Resin,—maker 72 72 XIII 3 652
Oil,—miller, refiner 932 2 934 XIII 3 653
Oil,—agent, broker, merchant 333 23 356 XIII 3 654
Oil and Colourman, dealer 1,954 56 2,010 XIII 3 655
Oil-cake,—maker, dealer 11 11 XIII 3 656
Oil-skin,—manufacture, dealer 27 8 35 XIII 3 657
Varnish-maker 200 14 214 XIII 3 658
French-polisher 3,328 966 4,294 XIII 3 659
Turpentine, Naphtha,—manufacture 77 5 82 XIII 3 660
Gum manufacture 18 1 19 XIII 3 661
India-rubber,—manufacture, dealer 242 161 403 XIII 3 662
Macintosh, Waterproof Article,—maker, dealer 41 20 61 XIII 3 663
Gutter-percha,—merchant, dealer, manufacture 121 4 125 XIII 3 664
Timber merchant 4,128 33 4,161 XIII 4 665
Timber,—broker, agent 241 241 XIII 4 666
Timber, Wood,—surveyor, valuer 53 53 XIII 4 667
Timber, Wood,—hewer, chopper, bender 181 22 203 XIII 4 668
Wood,—dealer, agent 2,070 317 2,387 XIII 4 669
Anti-Dry-rot works 6 6 XIII 4 670
Bark,—worker, dealer 32 67 99 XIII 5 671
Cork-merchant 42 7 49 XIII 5 672
Cork-cutter 2,249 51 2,300 XIII 5 673
Sawyer 35,420 23 35,443 XIII 6 674
Fence and Hurdle maker 677 1 678 XIII 6 675
Lath-maker 1,824 8 1,832 XIII 6 676
Sawdust, Chip,—merchant, dealer 115 103 218 XIII 6 677
Cabinet-maker, Upholsterer 36,430 4,467 40,897 XIII 7 678
Chair-maker 6,031 653 6,684 XIII 7 679
Sofa-maker 22 22 XIII 7 680
Bedstead-maker 593 11 604 XIII 7 681
Billiard-table maker 76 76 XIII 7 682
Picture-frame maker 512 2 514 XIII 7 683
Looking-glass-frame maker 34 34 XIII 7 684
Furniture japanner 10 10 XIII 7 685
Buhl,—cutter and worker 50 50 XIII 7 686
Dressing and Writing Case maker 150 14 164 XIII 7 687
Marqueterie,—inlayer, cutter 6 6 XIII 7 688
Furniture-broker 1,896 631 2,527 XIII 7 689
Chair-letter and Rout-furnisher 45 6 51 XIII 7 690
Turner 8,399 50 8,449 XIII 7 691
Tunbridge-ware manufacture 87 4 91 XIII 7 692
Curiosity-dealer 41 3 44 XIII 7 693
Bellows-maker 221 4 225 XIII 7 694
Box-maker 1,975 597 2,572 XIII 7 695
Packing-case maker 480 82 562 XIII 7 696
Hat-box, Band-box, Match-box,—maker 47 451 498 XIII 7 697
Instrument, Razor,—Case maker 21 7 28 XIII 7 698
Cover-maker 10 10 XIII 7 699
Blind-maker 454 34 488 XIII 7 700
Peg-maker 43 15 58 XIII 7 701
Cooper 20,141 104 20,245 XIII 8 702
Wine-cooper, Cask-dealer 635 1 636 XIII 8 703
Hoop,—maker, bender 833 2 835 XIII 8 704
Bowl and Wooden-spoon maker 9 9 XIII 8 705
Rule-maker 372 12 384 XIII 9 706
Pencil-maker 296 23 319 XIII 9 707
Penholder-maker 16 11 27 XIII 9 708
Last-maker 625 625 XIII 9 709
Mangle-maker 13 13 XIII 9 710
Saddle-tree maker 167 5 172 XIII 9 711
Spade tree, handle,—maker 29 29 XIII 9 712
Peel-maker 6 6 XIII 9 713
Ladder-maker 14 14 XIII 9 714
Frame-maker 1,516 10 1,526 XIII 9 715
Reel-maker 24 2 26 XIII 9 716
Bobbin,—maker, turner 1,620 26 1,646 XIII 9 717
Block and Print cutter 1,520 4 1,524 XIII 9 718
Wood-type cutter 2 2 XIII 9 719
Press-maker 40 19 59 XIII 9 720
Cage and Trap maker 103 3 106 XIII 9 721
Crate-maker 762 762 XIII 9 722
Snuff-box manufacture 77 12 89 XIII 9 723
Willow,—cutter, weaver, broker, dyer 124 302 426 XIII 10 724
Basket-maker 7,833 687 8,520 XIII 10 725
Cane,—worker, dresser 269 227 496 XIII 10 726
Rush,—manufacture, dealer 30 60 90 XIII 10 727
Sedge merchant 4 4 XIII 10 728
Hay and Straw dealer 1,080 19 1,099 XIII 10 729
Chaff-cutter 333 2 335 XIII 10 730
Thatcher 6,303 6,303 XIII 10 731
Beehive-maker 39 2 41 XIII 10 732
Straw Plait,—merchant, factor, dealer 452 72 524 XIII 10 733
Straw Plait manufacture 3,920 28,142 32,062 XIII 10 734
Mat-maker 1,311 380 1,691 XIII 11 735
Cocoanut-fibre maker 3 3 XIII 11 736
Hemp,—merchant, dealer 220 2 222 XIII 11 737
Hemp manufacture 449 1,247 1,696 XIII 11 738
Rope, Cord,—maker 14,249 1,717 15,966 XIII 11 739
Net-maker 298 1,802 2,100 XIII 11 740
Canvas,—maker, dealer 1,639 510 2,149 XIII 11 741
Sailcloth manufacture 3,741 285 4,026 XIII 11 742
Sail-maker 1,214 17 1,231 XIII 11 743
Tarpaulin manufacture 26 26 XIII 11 744
Sacking, Sack, Bag,—maker, weaver 670 665 1,335 XIII 11 745
Tent, Marquee,—maker 29 27 56 XIII 11 746
Hassock maker 2 2 XIII 11 747
Floor-cloth manufacture 649 26 675 XIII 11 748
Oakum,—worker, dealer 66 55 121 XIII 11 749
Flax,—merchant, stapler 126 1 127 XIII 12 750
Flax, Linen,—manufacture 46,051 52,809 98,860 XIII 12 751
Linen,—merchant, dealer, agent 299 6 305 XIII 12 752
Linen, Flax,—dyer 35 35 XIII 12 753
Thread manufacture 744 2,822 3,566 XIII 12 754
Weaver (material not stated) 3,833 3,833 XIII 12 755
Weaving agent 85 1 86 XIII 12 756
Tape,—manufacture, dealer 617 904 1,521 XIII 12 757
Draper 38,856 6,529 45,385 XIII 12 758
Lace manufacture 9,537 54,080 63,617 XIII 12 759
Lace,—dealer, agent 581 287 868 XIII 12 760
Lace-glove maker 130 40 170 XIII 12 761
Cotton, Calico,—merchant, dealer 965 13 978 XIII 12 762
Cotton,—broker, agent, salesman 582 582 XIII 12 763
Cotton manufacture 222,612 247,705 470,317 XIII 12 764
Packer and Presser (Cotton) 1,999 13 2,012 XIII 12 765
Sewing agent (Cotton) 3 3 XIII 12 766
Manchester warehouseman 1,174 1,174 XIII 12 767
Cotton Yarn,—dealer, agent 6 6 XIII 12 768
Cotton-waste dealer 197 197 XIII 12 769
Cotton-fent manufacture 47 3 50 XIII 12 770
Candle and Lamp,—wick maker 50 121 171 XIII 12 771
Lint manufacture 84 594 678 XIII 12 772
Flock manufacture 69 11 80 XIII 12 773
Flock-dealer 93 7 100 XIII 12 774
Quilter, Quilt-maker 159 515 674 XIII 12 775
Coverlet-maker 496 496 XIII 12 776
Plush, Shag,—manufacture 519 34 553 XIII 12 777
Wadding manufacture 49 27 76 XIII 12 778
Fustian manufacture 3,305 2,206 5,511 XIII 12 779
Fustian-dyer 247 247 XIII 12 780
Gingham manufacture 16 16 XIII 12 781
Muslin manufacture 1,961 12,137 14,098 XIII 12 782
Muslin,—agent, dealer 88 16 104 XIII 12 783
Muslin embroiderer 11 2,347 2,358 XIII 12 784
Calico, Cotton,—printer 19,893 6,776 26,669 XIII 12 785
Calico, Cotton,—dyer 4,256 223 4,479 XIII 12 786
Paper manufacture 7,610 6,891 14,501 XIII 13 787
Paper,—merchant, dealer 157 7 164 XIII 13 788
Pattern-card maker 203 53 256 XIII 13 789
Playing-card maker 43 43 XIII 13 790
Stationer 4,374 1,102 5,476 XIII 13 791
Manifold-paper maker 3 3 XIII 13 792
Label-maker, Ticket-writer 109 39 148 XIII 13 793
Paper-ruler 443 59 502 XIII 13 794
Envelope-maker 77 626 703 XIII 13 795
Bill-sticker 303 2 305 XIII 13 796
Paper-box maker 194 994 1,188 XIII 13 797
Pill-box maker 17 109 126 XIII 13 798
Paper-bag maker 59 78 137 XIII 13 799
Gun-wadding maker 3 3 XIII 13 800
Waste-paper dealer 2 2 XIII 13 801
Embosser 83 16 99 XIII 13 802
Lamp-shade maker 4 4 XIII 13 803
Papier Mâché manufacture (See Japanner) 99 41 140 XIII 13 804
Paper-stainer 2,050 228 2,278 XIII 13 805
Coal-owner 718 118 836 XIV 1 806
Coal,—agent, factor, Colliery agent 2,409 12 2,421 XIV 1 807
Manager, receiver, clerk,—of Coal Mines 37 37 XIV 1 808
Colliery,—viewer, inspector 176 176 XIV 1 809
Coal-miner 216,366 2,649 219,015 XIV 1 810
Coal-mining engineer 4 4 XIV 1 811
Coal-fitter 108 108 XIV 1 812
Coal-meter 485 485 XIV 1 813
Coal,—merchant, dealer 11,517 575 12,092 XIV 1 814
Coal-shipper 35 35 XIV 1 815
Coal,—heaver, labourer 13,493 933 14,426 XIV 1 816
Jet-miner 11 11 XIV 1 817
Patent Fuel and Compressed Steam-coal manufacture 19 19 XIV 1 818
Coke,—burner, dealer 2,008 112 2,120 XIV 1 819
Cinder, Culm,—maker, dealer 36 6 42 XIV 1 820
Peat, Turf,—cutter, dealer 215 29 244 XIV 1 821
Lampblack maker 55 9 64 XIV 1 822
Charcoal,—burner, dealer 479 10 489 XIV 1 823
Pit-sinker 22 22 XIV 1 824
Chimney-sweeper 6,641 91 6,732 XIV 1 825
Gasworks Service 5,626 4 5,630 XIV 1 826
Quarry-owner 73 15 88 XIV 2 827
Quarry, Stone,—agent 132 132 XIV 2 828
Stone-quarrier 23,333 156 23,489 XIV 2 829
Stone,—cutter, dresser, polisher 3,241 15 3,256 XIV 2 830
Stone-dredger 60 60 XIV 2 831
Stone-waller 39 39 XIV 2 832
Stone-merchant 494 22 516 XIV 2 833
Stone-getter 472 472 XIV 2 834
Stone-breaker 39 19 58 XIV 2 835
Slate-quarrier 8,152 2 8,154 XIV 2 836
Slate manufacture 188 4 192 XIV 2 837
Slate,—merchant, dealer, agent 190 8 198 XIV 2 838
Grit-getter 15 15 XIV 2 839
Hearthstone dealer 5 5 XIV 2 840
Millstone,—maker, cutter 118 7 125 XIV 2 841
Whetstone, Grindstone,—-maker, cutter 71 4 75 XIV 2 842
Sand manufacture 32 23 55 XIV 2 843
Sand,—merchant, dealer 391 247 638 XIV 2 844
Barytes miner 12 12 XIV 2 845
Barytes manufacture 8 8 XIV 2 846
Flint-dealer 76 76 XIV 2 847
Gun-flint maker 46 46 XIV 2 848
Limestone,—quarrier, burner 6,164 144 6,308 XIV 2 849
Lime,—merchant, dealer 236 8 244 XIV 2 850
Chalk,—miller, breaker 85 1 86 XIV 2 851
Plaster, Cement,—manufacture, dealer 530 8 538 XIV 2 852
Alabaster,—miner, manufacture 7 5 12 XIV 2 853
Marble,—merchant, dealer 33 33 XIV 2 854
Marble mason 1,558 3 1,561 XIV 2 855
Spar,—manufacture, cutter 14 14 XIV 2 856
Seagliola, Artificial Stone,—manufacture 139 139 XIV 2 857
Dealer in Fossils 3 3 XIV 2 858
Oil-stone manufacture 3 3 XIV 2 859
Clay,—merchant, agent 75 11 86 XIV 2 860
Clay-labourer 1,376 131 1,507 XIV 2 861
Brick,—maker, dealer 29,960 1,208 31,168 XIV 2 862
Chimney-pot, Earthenware-pipe,—maker 12 12 XIV 2 863
Railway contractor 747 747 XIV 2 864
Railway labourer 34,306 34,306 XIV 2 865
Platelayer 2,426 2,426 XIV 2 866
Excavator, Navvy 3,623 3,623 XIV 2 867
Bridge,—contractor, inspector, surveyor 27 27 XIV 2 868
Road,—-contractor, inspector, surveyor 1,161 1,161 XIV 2 869
Road labourer 10,902 21 10,923 XIV 2 870
Crossing-sweeper (not otherwise returned) 21 11 32 XIV 2 871
Gravel,—contractor, merchant 13 13 XIV 2 872
Gravel,—digger, labourer 56 56 XIV 2 873
Scavenger and nightman 1,320 2 1,322 XIV 2 874
Dust,—collector, sifter, picker 304 44 348 XIV 2 875
Contractor for Sewers, Drainage 43 43 XIV 2 876
Dock contractor 2 2 XIV 2 877
Contractor for Earthwork 7 7 XIV 2 878
Earthenware manufacture 25,379 11,133 36,512 XIV 3 879
Tobacco-pipe maker 3,324 942 4,266 XIV 3 880
Pipe-clay,—vendor, maker 2 3 5 XIV 3 881
Earthenware and Glass dealer 3,960 1,768 5,728 XIV 3 882
China, Glass, and Earthenware mender 13 2 15 XIV 3 883
Glass manufacture 11,374 631 12,005 XIV 4 884
Glass-lustre, Chandelier,—maker 9 3 12 XIV 4 885
Glass and Bottle,—merchant, agent, dealer 110 83 193 XIV 4 886
Looking-glass maker 292 19 311 XIV 4 887
Bead,—maker, dealer 45 37 82 XIV 4 888
Glass and Emery Paper maker 102 12 114 XIV 4 889
Saltworks proprietor 191 2 193 XIV 5 890
Salt manufacture 1,236 29 1,265 XIV 5 891
Salt,—agent, merchant, dealer 399 61 460 XIV 5 892
Well-sinker 475 2 477 XIV 6 893
Waterworks Service 973 2 975 XIV 6 894
Water,—carrier, dealer 153 44 197 XIV 6 895
Ice-dealer 16 16 XIV 6 896
Diamond,—worker, dealer 84 5 89 XIV 7 897
Jeweller, Lapidary 359 41 400 XIV 7 898
Pearl,—cutter, worker 281 80 361 XIV 7 899
Seal,—maker, polisher 40 40 XIV 7 900
Gold-miner 3 3 XIV 8 901
Assayer 132 132 XIV 8 902
Gold and Silver,—refiner, cutter, worker 304 325 629 XIV 8 903
Goldsmith, Silversmith 10,653 589 11,242 XIV 8 904
Goldbeater 709 22 731 XIV 8 905
Gold and Silver Lace and Thread manufacture 115 70 185 XIV 8 906
Gold-pen maker 19 2 21 XIV 8 907
Guard-chain maker 229 321 550 XIV 8 908
Water-gilder 50 4 54 XIV 8 909
Pencil-case,—maker, gilder 98 7 105 XIV 8 910
Carver, Gilder 4,873 57 4,930 XIV 8 911
Orris-weaver 16 16 XIV 8 912
Plated-ware manufacture 132 32 164 XIV 8 913
Plater 1,454 74 1,528 XIV 8 914
Copper,—master, merchant 50 50 XIV 9 915
Copper-miner 18,468 3,918 22,386 XIV 9 916
Copper-agent 224 224 XIV 9 917
Copper manufacture 2,593 47 2,640 XIV 9 918
Copper-plate,—maker, worker 48 3 51 XIV 9 919
Coppersmith 1,803 8 1,811 XIV 9 920
Tin-miner 12,912 2,138 15,050 XIV 10 921
Tin manufacture 1,537 406 1,943 XIV 10 922
Tin,—agent, dealer 117 117 XIV 10 923
Tinman, Tin-worker, Tinker 9,929 168 10,097 XIV 10 924
Tinplate worker 3,606 67 3,673 XIV 10 925
Spoon-maker 616 314 930 XIV 10 926
Tag,—maker, dealer 3 7 10 XIV 10 927
Tinfoil,—maker, dealer 54 2 56 XIV 10 928
Zinc,—merchant, agent 10 10 XIV 11 929
Zinc manufacture 459 9 468 XIV 11 930
Lead-mine proprietor 20 6 26 XIV 12 931
Lead-miner 21,617 913 22,530 XIV 12 932
Lead manufacture 2,290 44 2,334 XIV 12 933
Lead,—merchant, agent, dealer 250 5 255 XIV 12 934
Shot,—maker, dealer 25 2 27 XIV 12 935
Lead Pipe, Tube,—maker 468 16 484 XIV 12 936
Pewterer, Pewter-pot maker 280 15 295 XIV 12 937
Typefounder 1,443 10 1,453 XIV 12 938
Manganese miner 125 29 154 XIV 12 939
Mining Company’s Secretary and Service 470 470 XIV 13 940
Metal,—merchant, dealer, broker 49 3 52 XIV 13 941
Metal,—refiner, turner, worker 99 99 XIV 13 942
Bell-founder 25 1 26 XIV 13 943
Brass,—manufacture, founder, moulder 11,098 132 11,230 XIV 13 944
Brazier 4,377 47 4,424 XIV 13 945
Brass,—turner, worker, finisher 353 44 397 XIV 13 946
Locksmith, Bellhanger 6,332 91 6,423 XIV 13 947
Gasfitter 2,334 9 2,343 XIV 13 948
White Metal manufacture 625 277 902 XIV 13 949
Button-maker (all branches) 3,041 3,955 6,996 XIV 13 950
Button,—merchant, dealer 53 7 60 XIV 13 951
Pin manufacture 439 856 1,295 XIV 13 952
Thimble-maker 104 96 200 XIV 13 953
Hook-and-Eye maker 73 231 304 XIV 13 954
Chaser 402 10 412 XIV 13 955
Bronzer 44 156 200 XIV 13 956
Burnisher 62 511 573 XIV 13 957
Japanner, Lacquerer 1,527 1,286 2,813 XIV 13 958
Gilt-toy maker 10 10 XIV 13 959
Metal,—galvanizer, stamper 5 5 XIV 13 960
Herald-chaser 31 31 XIV 13 961
Brass and Metal Tube maker 7 1 8 XIV 13 962
Wire,—maker, drawer 1,240 62 1,302 XIV 13 963
Wire merchant 11 11 XIV 13 964
Wire,—worker, weaver 2,868 198 3,066 XIV 13 965
Sieve-maker 232 21 253 XIV 13 966
Ring-chain maker 86 19 105 XIV 13 967
lnkstand maker 23 23 XIV 13 968
Coffin Metal, Furniture,—maker, chaser 12 8 20 XIV 13 969
Snuff, Tobacco,—Box maker 18 2 20 XIV 13 970
Clasp, Buckle,—maker 283 97 380 XIV 13 971
Tray-maker 269 143 412 XIV 13 972
Candlestick, Chandelier,—maker 150 14 164 XIV 13 973
Lamp, Lantern,—maker 439 26 465 XIV 13 974
Coach-lamp maker 106 3 109 XIV 13 975
Lamp contractor 48 48 XIV 13 976
Bath-maker 15 1 16 XIV 13 977
Cock,—maker, founder 298 1 299 XIV 13 978
Roasting-jack maker 68 1 69 XIV 13 979
Urn-maker 50 50 XIV 13 980
Brass-collar maker 16 16 XIV 13 981
Tea and Coffee Pot maker 26 16 42 XIV 13 982
Brass Letter,—cutter, maker 6 6 XIV 13 983
Stair-rod maker 4 4 XIV 13 984
Door-furniture maker 4 4 XIV 13 985
Metallic-box maker 10 10 XIV 13 986
Sinker-maker 233 233 XIV 13 987
lron,—master, contractor 370 11 381 XIV 14 988
Iron-miner 27,098 910 28,008 XIV 14 989
Iron,—manufacture, moulder, founder 79,442 590 80,032 XIV 14 990
Iron,—merchant, dealer, agent 1,016 18 1,034 XIV 14 991
Whitesmith 9,549 35 9,584 XIV 14 992
Blacksmith 112,184 592 112,776 XIV 14 993
Nail manufacture 18,548 9,985 28,533 XIV 14 994
Iron Tube, Pipe,—founder 37 37 XIV 14 995
Iron turner and filer 9 9 XIV 14 996
Anchorsmith, Chainsmith 3,761 461 4,222 XIV 14 997
Anvil-maker 184 184 XIV 14 998
Hammer-maker 53 53 XIV 14 999
Boiler-maker 7,454 3 7,457 XIV 14 1000
Iron-plate worker 36 36 XIV 14 1001
Ironmonger 8,701 340 9,041 XIV 14 1002
Saddlers’ ironmonger 38 38 XIV 14 1003
Hardware,—dealer, agent 1,045 127 1,172 XIV 14 1004
Press-worker 113 113 XIV 14 1005
Handcuff-maker 8 8 XIV 14 1006
Bit-maker 723 9 732 XIV 14 1007
Curb-chain maker 61 11 72 XIV 14 1008
Stirrup-maker 133 1 134 XIV 14 1009
Spur-maker 144 2 146 XIV 14 1010
Stove, Grate, Range,—maker 587 4 591 XIV 14 1011
Scuttle-maker 10 10 XIV 14 1012
Fire-irons maker 258 84 342 XIV 14 1013
Fender-maker 441 9 450 XIV 14 1014
Gridiron maker 17 17 XIV 14 1015
Frying-pan maker 91 1 92 XIV 14 1016
Metal and Iron Bedstead maker 13 13 XIV 14 1017
Fireproof Box, Safe,—maker 14 2 16 XIV 14 1018
Tank-maker 19 19 XIV 14 1019
Iron-box maker 57 57 XIV 14 1020
Skewer-maker 58 7 65 XIV 14 1021
Hollow-ware maker 120 120 XIV 14 1022
Patent Iron Cask maker 6 6 XIV 14 1023
Ferule-maker 6 1 7 XIV 14 1024
Bolt-maker 760 7 767 XIV 14 1025
Key-maker 60 60 XIV 14 1026
Handle-maker 23 2 25 XIV 14 1027
Latch-maker 122 122 XIV 14 1028
Hinge-maker 763 41 804 XIV 14 1029
Rivet-maker 136 11 147 XIV 14 1030
Currycomb-maker 53 8 61 XIV 14 1031
Vice-maker 226 226 XIV 14 1032
Spindle-maker 1,213 17 1,230 XIV 14 1033
Hame-maker 45 3 48 XIV 14 1034
Swivel-maker 13 4 17 XIV 14 1035
Gas-meter, Retort,—maker 145 4 149 XIV 14 1036
Screw,—cutter, maker 755 1,430 2,185 XIV 14 1037
Iron,—picker, gatherer 4 4 XIV 14 1038
Iron galvanizer 4 4 XIV 14 1039
Steel manufacture, worker 1,572 65 1,637 XIV 14 1040
Steel merchant 36 36 XIV 14 1041
File-maker 6,013 311 6,324 XIV 14 1042
Steel-trap maker 22 22 XIV 14 1043
Steel (knife-sharpener) maker 87 87 XIV 14 1044
Spring-balance maker 12 12 XIV 14 1045
Stay-busk maker 10 10 XIV 14 1046
Blade,—maker, forger 2,093 1 2,094 XIV 14 1047
Cutler 8,185 214 8,399 XIV 14 1048
Knife-maker 1,603 1,603 XIV 14 1049
Needle manufacture 2,776 1,951 4,727 XIV 14 1050
Fish-hook maker 299 115 414 XIV 14 1051
Scissors-maker 1,134 290 1,424 XIV 14 1052
Awl, Bodkin,—maker 362 16 378 XIV 14 1053
Tuning-fork maker 5 5 XIV 14 1054
Shears-maker 31 31 XIV 14 1055
Snuffers-maker 204 24 228 XIV 14 1056
Scythe, Sickle,—maker 804 1 805 XIV 14 1057
Phleme (Fleam) maker 9 9 XIV 14 1058
Steel-tag maker 6 6 XIV 14 1059
Shovel, Spade,—maker 766 2 768 XIV 14 1060
Small-ware (Steel) manufacture 66 10 76 XIV 14 1061
Steel-mill maker 13 13 XIV 14 1062
Coffee-mill maker 26 26 XIV 14 1063
Axe and Auger maker 8 8 XIV 14 1064
Mark-maker 36 36 XIV 14 1065
Spring, Door-spring,—maker 470 24 494 XIV 14 1066
Fork-maker 584 122 706 XIV 14 1067
Razor-maker 1,022 29 1,051 XIV 14 1068
Grinder (branch undefined) 2,095 18 2,113 XIV 14 1069
Corkscrew-maker 75 3 78 XIV 14 1070
Saw,—smith, maker 1,249 57 1,306 XIV 14 1071
Steel-pen maker 208 1,128 1,336 XIV 14 1072
Skate-maker 2 2 XIV 14 1073
Shoe-heel and Tip maker 59 28 87 XIV 14 1074
Harpoon-maker 3 1 4 XIV 14 1075
Labourer (branch undefined) 367,472 9,079 376,551 XV 1 1076
Mechanic, Manufacturer, Shopman, Shopwoman 14,579 2,450 17,029 XV 2 1077
Contractor 492 1 493 XV 2 1078
Private watchman 52 52 XV 2 1079
Overlooker, Bailiff 63 63 XV 2 1080
Apprentice 853 85 938 XV 2 1081
Traveller (Tramp) 21 21 XV 2 1082
Gentleman, Gentlewoman, Independent 10,856 15,706 26,562 XVI 2 1083
Annuitant 23,394 122,702 146,096 XVI 2 1084
Pensioner 273 104 377 XVII 1 1085
Dependant on Relatives (not classed elsewhere) 1,988 18,254 20,242 XVII 1 1086
Almsperson 2,018 6,571 8,589 XVII 1 1087
Pauper of no stated occupation 34,294 60,317 94,611 XVII 1 1088
Lunatic of no stated occupation 3,834 5,216 9,050 XVII 1 1089
Prisoners of no stated occupation 1,570 1,087 2,657 XVII 2 1090
Others of Criminal Class 730 730 XVII 2 1091
Vagrant in Barns, Tents, &c. 13,356 7,691 21,047 XVII 3 1092
Persons of no stated Occupations or Conditions, and Persons not returned under the foregoing items 76,250 108,814 185,064 1093

Note.—Persons engaged in more than one branch of trade are referred to that which appeared to be their chief pursuit. Where inadequate numbers are returned under particular employments, the apparent deficiencies in all probability arise from persons partly engaged in them being returned in other capacities.

The numbers returned under trades and manufactures comprise all persons employed in them, including labourers, apprentices, and assistants, as well as masters. Many young persons are thus referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows who carry on the trades of their deceased husbands, are sometimes returned under employments commonly followed by men. Superannuated persons, and others described as retired, as well as the inmates of public institutions, are classed under their former occupations, when stated.

(a) Such of the Peers and Members of the House of Commons are not here returned, are either entered in other capacities, or omitted on account of absence from Great Britain on the day of the Census.

(b) The numbers of officers of the Army and Navy on Half-pay are understated, many of them who omitted to insert “Half-pay” after stating their rank having been classed with Effectives. The items “Officer” and “Half-pay officer” should be taken collectively, both in the case of the Army and Navy.

(c) As the ministers of the Established Church of Scotland were not in many cases distinguished in the returns from those of the Free Kirk they are here included under the general head of “Presbyterian Minister.” Nearly the whole of the 2,725 Presbyterian Ministers were returned in Scotland. According to Oliver and Boyd’s Edinburgh Almanack for 1851 the ministers of the Established Kirk of Scotland numbered 1,124.

(d) The numbers recorded for Females under Coach and Cab owner also includes Omnibus owner.

* The Educational Census gives the number of male children belonging to Schools in Great Britain with the Islands in the British Seas as 1,353,388.

Source: Census of Great Britain, 1851. Population Tables II, Vol. I. Table 54. (Pages cxxviii-cxlix)